Do we keep telling/listening to statements like, “I have the worst luck in the entire world”?

I just failed that math test. I’m no good at school, and I might as well quit

All the above maybe prime examples of cognitive distortions.

That is, thought patterns that cause people to outlook reality in an erroneous/incorrect ways – (usually negative)

Cognitive Distortions

It is the broken-down or wrong thinking, insight or belief which results in negativity and experienced from time to time.

Few of us think distorted thinking as a temporary glitch. Usually we get upset when we fail some test. Instead of accepting the fact that we need to prepare more, we simply say that weak at math and we keep moving on and continue our routines.

Top 10 Cognitive distortions and nature of thinking

Types                           Nature of thinking
 Polarized Thinking It is a black & white thinking with two extremes- angelic/evil
Overgeneralization People reach conclusion based one event and then apply that incorrectly
Catastrophizing Leads  people to assume the worst when faced with the unknown
Personalization Taking things personally when they’re not connected to or caused by self at all
Mind Reading People  assume & act on what others are thinking
Mental Filtering This pattern is the tendency to ignore positives and focus exclusively on negatives
Discounting the Positive People tend to discount the positive by saying it must be an accident/luck
“Should” Statements Thinking in terms of what “should” and “ought” to be said or done
Emotional Reasoning It is the false belief that emotions are the truth
Labeling This can cause people to criticize which cause real problems as no one wants to be labelled

Does Cognitive Distortion cause anxiety?

The answer is …of course Yes

These prejudices very often strengthen negative thought patterns and as a result, it can very much lead to increased anxiety and difficulty to manage everyday stress.

 Symptoms :

  1. Mind often going blank and tensed
  2. Difficulties in concentrating
  3. Always anticipating worst outcomes
  4. Absurd uncertainties and fright
  5. Uncontrollable, compulsive thoughts
  6. Feeling as though one is going senseless

Can depression and anxiety cause cognitive impairment?

Yes, it can very well impair our system in a broader way. 

  1. Weakens our attention and memory.
  2. Damages information processing and decision-making skills.
  3. Lowers the ability to adapt goals and strategies on par with changing situations.
  4. Lowers the ability to take up self – initiatives to complete a task

Thinking errors can cause, and be caused by,
 depression & anxiety


Depression & anxiety are two important dip cycle tools which can bring anybody mentally or psychosocially down. Therefore, the more depressed we feel, the more we get wired by thinking errors, and the more we get wired by thinking errors, the more depressed we feel.

To break this venomous circle, we need to identify and analyse our thinking errors and successfully challenge them to change ourselves.

With total understanding of cognitive distortions, we need to change depression to determination and anxiety to awesome abundance.